Migration & Development

“… the management of migratory flows cannot be achieved through control measures only, but also require a concerted action on the root causes of migration, in particular through the implementation of development projects in Africa[…]”

“[…] that it is necessary to make better use of the potential of migration as a factor for the development, modernisation and innovation of the societies of origin, transit and the host societies […]”

RABAT DECLARATION, Rabat, 11 July 2006

The Rabat declaration recognises that Euro-African migration routes constitute a complex phenomenon that requires the close collaboration of all States involved. In addition, it emphasises looking for ways to intensify the positive effects that migration can have on the development of African countries.

Similarly, this new vision constitutes the pillar of a far reaching strategy to make migration flows organised and mutually beneficial movements. Strengthening synergies between migration and development enhances the results of employment, migration management and development policies, and should be integrated into poverty reduction strategies.

The Rabat Action Plan contributes to establishing a new approach to migration and its relationship with development by recognising that only through the impetus of African development can we avoid the exodus of thousands of people which, for economic reasons and because of a lack of opportunities, we currently witness, sometimes with tragic consequences.

The “Rabat Process” thus began a new phase in the understanding of the migratory phenomenon and provided a new, comprehensive focus to improve its management.

“…that the global and concerted management of migration is an important aspect of international relations and that organised migration, notably through suitable new cooperation initiatives, contributes to the development of the countries concerned…”

PARIS DECLARATION, Paris, 25 November 2008

The Cooperation Programme adopted in Paris on 25 November 2008 confirmed the importance of strengthening synergies between migration and development by recalling that they are beneficial to the consolidation of employment and migration management policies as well as the greater involvement of the diaspora in the economic and social development of their countries of origin. It also facilitates remittances and the practice of circular migration. It is also intended to promote growth, productive employment and decent work in countries and regions of origin.