Thematic pillars

Since the dialogue was launched in 2006, the Rabat Process has pursued a balanced approach in order to support, as the Rabat Declaration states:

  • recognition of the true value and potential of legal migration and the beneficial effects it has on countries of origin, transit and destination; 
  • reinforcement of the capacities of countries of origin, transit and destination to manage migratory movements;
  • development of awareness-raising campaigns and facilitation of the movement of workers and individuals;
  • implementation of an active policy aiming at integrating legal immigrants and  combating exclusion, xenophobia and racism;
  • border management;
  • fight against irregular migration, including readmission of irregular migrants and the fight against human trafficking.

The Rabat Declaration also emphasises the importance of this partnership with a view to fighting poverty and the promoting sustainable and inclusive development.

The Rabat Conference Action Plan organised these priorities and working approaches along three pillars, which were then taken up in the Paris Conference Three-Year Cooperation Plan and the current Dakar Strategy:

  • Area 1: Organising legal migration
  • Area 2: Fight against irregular migration
  • Area 3: Strengthening the synergies between migration and development